Instructions: Response must be at least 310 words written in current APA format with at least two academic references cited. References must be within the last five years. Response must extend, correct/refute, or add additional nuance.
Qualitative research designs are used in nursing research studies depending on the methodology used in the study, including methods for participation, such as focus groups, in-depth interviews (telephone or face-to-face interviews), observations. The main reason for using qualitative research design is to generate richly and detailed understanding of the specific issue, topic or establish the meaning of a particular phenomenon using first-hand experiences from the study participants. However, the methods used for collecting data are sometimes time-consuming instead of quantitative research designs (Stenfors et al., 2020). Qualitative research designs seek to establish answers to the hows and whys of a particular phenomenon, issue, or topic in question. Therefore, qualitative research designs are termed subjective studies since the findings from the study are presented in written formats rather than numerical formats as used in quantitative studies.
Besides, the data generated from nursing studies that use qualitative research designs cannot be analyzed using quantifiable statistical techniques due to the absence of commonness from varieties of collected findings. However, a coding process is usually implemented following the identification of common categories during the analysis of the data generated in the nursing study (Stenfors et al., 2020). This direction usually steers the researchers to model the respondents of the study to a particular direction to expand and retrieve detailed information on specific points that they want to major on, especially during interviews or focus group responses, or participants observations on particular actions carried out (Levitt et al., 2021). The following approaches are used with qualitative research designs: Grounded theory, ethnography, action research, phenomenological research, and narrative research.